RISK CLASSIFICATION OF ALCOHOL CONSUMPTION IN PREGNANT WOMEN IN THE LAST 12 MONTHS AND DURING PREGNANCY

Possa GC, Gonçalves MAS, Zerbetto SR, Silva SMC, Moura AAM, Silva Junior FG. Risk classification of alcoholconsumption in pregnant women in the last 12 months and during pregnancy. SMAD, Rev Eletrônica Saúde Mental Álcool Drog. 2021 Oct.-Dec.;17(4):44-53. doi: https://dx.doi.org/10.11606/issn.1806-6976.smad.2021.171923

Objective: to classify the risk of alcohol consumption in pregnant women in the last 12 months (low risk, harmful and likely addiction) and during pregnancy (negative or positive).

Method: this is an observational, cross-sectional and descriptive study developed with 118 pregnant UHS users from two municipalities. For data collection, the AUDIT and TACE tests were applied by means of interview.

Results: it was observed that 94.9% of the women interviewed made frequent use of alcohol before pregnancy and 34.7% made use without being aware of the current pregnancy. Regarding
the pattern of use during pregnancy, most pregnant women (86.4%) reported not to use or use within “low risk” limits, however, associations were verified between the previous consumption of alcohol by women and the consumption during the pregnancy, as well as associations between the consumption of alcohol in the last 12 months before pregnancy and the scores that represent the consumption during the pregnancy.

Conclusion: understanding the consumption of alcohol by pregnant women allows contributing to early diagnosis of vulnerability and planning of interventions to establish a safe and healthy pregnancy.

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